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Trends in International Adoption - 2004 to 2009

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International Adoption is just one of many ways in which parents can adopt a child. Children from all over the globe are waiting for their forever families and the statistics below show that Americans are responding to their plight. Unlike the United States, many countries don't have a domestic social system which allows children without a family to live in a home environment. Children in these countries are often placed in group homes or orphanages where they stay until their family finds them or until they've become old enough to live and support themselves on their own. "Institutionalization damages children in ways that last a lifetime," said Tom DiFilipo, President & CEO of Joint Council on International Children's Services. "Virtually all major child welfare professional agree that institutionalization is the least favorable settings for children."

The number of children adopted internationally in the U.S. is estimated by the number of orphan (IR-3/IR-4 or IH-3/IH-4) visas that have been issued, as reported by The State Department. Yearly, The DoS publishes these totals on their web site for the public to view.

As laws change in the United States as well as in the country in which the children adopted internationally originate, the number of children who come to the U.S. for international adoption will fluctuate. An example of how law change impacts the number of children who come to the U.S. for adoption is the statistics for Guatemala FY 2008 to FY 2009. The adoption of The Hague Treaty heavily impacted adoption from Guatemala as adoptions came to a halt in December 2008 while Guatemala worked on putting in place the protections for children, as required by The Hague Treaty on Intercountry Adoptions.

*NOTE: All statistics given correspond with the U.S. Government fiscal year, which begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. For example: Adoption statistics for 2009 = Number of adoptions from October 1, 2008 through September 30, 2009.

Below is a total number of international adoption visas issued by The State Department in their respective year. For a break down of the originating countries, scroll down below.

ANNUAL TOTAL OF ADOPTIONS FROM 2003-2009

2009: 12,753 2004: 22,884
2008: 17,438 2003: 21,616
2007: 19,613 2002: 21,378
2006: 20,679 2001: 19,647
2005: 22,739 1999: 15,719



The statistics for Fiscal Years 2004 - 2009 can be viewed below:

FY 2009 FY 2008 FY 2007 FY 2006 FY 2005 FY 2004
5 Guatemala
756
S. Korea
1065
S. Korea
938
Ethiopia
731
Ukraine
824
Kazakhstan
826
6 Ukraine
601
Vietnam
748
Vietnam
828
Kazakhstan
588
Kazakhstan
755
Ukraine
723
7 Vietnam
481
Ukraine
490
Ukraine
613
Ukraine
463
Ethiopia
442
India
406
8 Haiti
330
Kazakhstan
380
Kazakhstan
547
Liberia
353
India
323
Haiti
356
9 India
297
India
308
India
411
Columbia
344
Colombia
287
Ethiopia
289
10 Kazakhstan
295
Colombia
306
Liberia
314
India
319
Philippines
268
Colombia
287
11 Philippines
281
Haiti
301
Colombia
309
Haiti
310
Haiti
234
Belarus
202
12 Taiwan
253
Philippines
292
Philippines
260
Philippines
248
Liberia
183
Philippines
196
13 Colombia
238
Liberia
254
Haiti
191
Taiwan
187
Taiwan
141
Bulgaria
110
14 Nigeria
110
Taiwan
219
Taiwan
184
Vietnam
163
Mexico
88
Poland
102
15 Ghana
103
Nigeria
149
Mexico
589
Mexico
70
Poland
73
Mexico
89
16 Mexico
72
Mexico
105
Poland
84
Poland
67
Thailand
71
Liberia
86
17 Uganda
69
Ghana
97
Thailand
66
Nepal
66
Brazil
66
Nepal
73
18 Thailand
56
Kyrgyzstan
78
Brazil
55
Brazil
66
Nigeria
65
Nigeria
71
19 Jamaica
54
Poland
77
Kyrgyzstan
54
Nigeria
62
Jamaica
62
Brazil
69
20 Poland
50
Thialand
592
Uganda
54
Thailand
56
Nepal
62
Thailand
69

Credits: The U.S. Department of State

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